1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Selection and acquisition of library materials in special libraries is a very vital topic in the field of librarianship and improper approach could hamper the aim of the library in meeting the organization of agencies.
According to Harrods Librarians Glossary, (2000) selection is the process of choosing library materials to satisfy the needs of users. Book selection is the process of choosing book for inclusion in a library with a view to providing a balanced increase to the stock.
Nwalo (2003), also defined selection as the art of choosing items to be acquired from list of choosing items to be acquired from list of publications, election of library materials is important because of literature explosion reduction in library, users and pressure from both the publishers and library users. According to world encyclopedia of library and information science, (1993) selection must identify the range of what is relevant, those that are timely and finally prioritize and make decision according to collective plans.
Harrods (2000) defines acquisition as a process of obtaining books and other items for the library documentation center or achieves.
Acquisition is the process of obtaining library materials to satisfy the needs of users.
Acquisition is carried out through purchase, gift and exchange. The acquisition department is the business department of the library. It carried out business activities in the process of obtaining library material. Its duty is that of the purchasing department of organizations and companies. The acquisition libraries is expected to have qualification both in librarianship and business studies. He/she should be knowledgeable in the use of business equipment like typewriters, photocopies etc. This knowledge will help him to purchase appropriate ones for the library. A special library can be defined as a library established supported and administered by a business firm or a private corporation, association and government agencies or any special interest group to meet the information needs of its members or staff in pursuing the goals of the organization. Special libraries association (1949) suggested what it described as an authentic definition, serving a special clientele and using special libraries as a library dedicated to special organization and institutions whether private or government owned. They are primarily established to serve a special group or users, being the staff or members of that given institutions for lawyers. In a law firms for the blind and handicapped in such institutions. A library is an organized collection of books and information resources use for study, research and recreation. The new encyclopedia Britannia as quoted by Nwosu (2000) defines a library as a collection of written, printed or recorded material (including films, photographs, tapes phonograph records, video disks, microforms and computer programs) organized and maintained for reading, study and consultation. The ALA Glossary of Library as a collection of books and other literary materials kept for reading, study and consultation. Meanwhile, there are different types of libraries including special libraries, public school, national and academic libraries. They are academic libraries because they operate and exist in the university community. The academic library may be seen as the singular most important resources in the pursuit of the general goals and objective of the institution of higher learning. Selection proceeds acquisition, what to select depends on the type of library since each library is interested in serving and providing information needs of its clientele. While a public literary may want to provide a comprehensive collection to satisfy its heterogonous population on academic library which has relatively homogenous community may aim at providing all types of materials in all the subject fields studied in its faculties, but special libraries aims at providing the required information material to that specialized institution it is serving.
THE BACKGROUND OF STUDY RELATING TO THE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION OWERRI, IMO STATE
The ministry of education of Owerri, Imo State was established in 1976 when the state was created in the format East Central States, Owerri was made the capital of Imo State other ministries were also created alongside with ministry of education.
The first governor was Ndubuisi Kalu, a Navy Captian, while the first civilian governor was Mbakwe Samuel Onuka, the present governor is Owelle Rochas Okorocha. Nine departments was created in the ministry of education by the governor, the ministry has PRSDC planning, research statistics department. The special library was established to satisfy the needs of the staff in the military degree 43. The ministry has level 1-9 junior librarian, level 7-12 senior librarian, level 13 and management cadre the library has a professional librarian and two library assistant. The library has complete set of computers.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Selection and acquisition is a very important practice in librarianship, there are selection processes and polices that libraries must use if they must have relevant information resources.
Regrettably, many book selector do not take pains to apply scientific principles in the selection process. Some of them simply thick tittles mechanically in the book list set to them, such a practice will end u with having a library collection that is impressive in terms of quantity while losing its beauty of relevance. It is on this background that the researcher made her mind to evaluate the problem of selection and acquisition of library materials in Imo State ministry of education.
1.3 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This study is confined in the problems of selection and acquisition of library materials in special libraries with particular emphasis on the ministry of education Owerri.
1.4 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The objectives of this study is as follows:-
- To identify the criteria of selection and the method of acquisition of materials in special libraries.
- To identify who is involved in the selection of materials in special libraries.
- To identify if the library have acquisition policy guiding it.
- To identify the problem of selections and acquisition of materials in special libraries.
- To identify the possible solutions to the problems.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study would be of great benefit to the staff working in the organization by being able to identify the problems of selection and acquisition and thereby profit solution to the problems for a better services delivery to the users.
The clientele would benefit from the preferred solutions from the staff members on the problems and enjoy user satisfaction from the resources and services offered in special libraries.
The host community would benefit from this study through the serives offered by the special libraries which are non-profit oriented and are also very rich in specialized information content.
1.6 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
- What are the criteria for selection and acquisition methods of materials in special libraries?
- Who are involved in selection of library materials in special libraries?
- What are the acquisition policy guiding the special library?
- What are the problems of selection and acquisition of materials in special libraries?
- Do they have possible solutions to the identified problems?
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
This chapter reviews conceptual framework and summary of the literature review.
2.1 CONCEPT OF SPECIAL LIBRARIES
A special library is a library that provides specialized information resources on a particular subject, serves a specialized and limited clientele and delivers specialized, services to their clientele special libraries includes corporate libraries, government libraries, law libraries, medical libraries, museum libraries, new libraries and nonprofit libraries, special libraries also exist within academic institutions including law school libraries and medical school. In the ALA Glossary of library and information terms, a special library is defined as:
A library established, supported and administered by a business firm, or a private corporation, association and government agencies or any special interest group to meet the information needs of its members or staff in pursuing the goals of the organization.
Special libraries association (1949) suggested that what it describes as an authentic definition of a special library as a “special collection, serving a special clientele and using special methods for the purpose. These libraries as the name implies are considered special because its collection are of special nature with special body of professional users and staff. It offers specialized services.
Nwosu (2003) defined it as a library whose users are distinguished class of people with identifiable common interest such as people in the same profession, staff of an organization or researchers in a research institute. She also added that the narrow subject interest of the sponsoring organizations.
Uwa (2007) in his work stated that they are libraries that are established in order to obtain and exploit specialized information for the private advantage of its parent bodies that essentially provide the financial support with which it is run and maintained. He added that they are libraries that provide specialized needs to specialized parent body which is responsible for its establishment and maintenance. These special libraries are very different from other kinds of libraries because they always have special users and subjects interest special libraries are also of different kinds each is identified by the activities of its parent organizations examples.
- Research libraries: These libraries are for research institutes, it stocks information that will aid to the attainment of the set objectives of the research organization or institute.
- Medical libraries: These are special libraries for medical and health centre with medicine as its subject interest
- Media libraries: These are the libraries of media firms like radio and TV stations it documents information and publications for them.
- Law librations: These are libraries established by a law firm/legal firms.
Uwa (2007) noted that Nigerian special libraries rangers from many establishment like research institute, law schools and indigenous industrial companies. Armed forces, ministries, churches, commercial banks and financial institutions, media houses, hospitals and other professional bodies, most universities nowadays has relatively well established special/research libraries in some of their faculties and department to facilitate their reading, research and recreational academic programme. Most of these special libraries are located in the same premises or housed in the same building with its parent bodies.
SELECTION AND ACQUISITION OF LIBRARY MATERIALS IN SPECIAL LIBRARIES.
Selection and acquisition of library materials in special libraries will actually call for a review of professional literature on selection and acquisition of library materials. This is necessary, so as to acquaint oneself with the studies and survey already done on the areas of selection and acquisition. In discussing selection and acquisition.
Braint, (2001) said that the emphasis on selection is to identify the best materials to serve the broad objectives of the particular library. The critical issue here on the part of the librarian is critical judgement.
Okeke (2002) observed that the depth into the resourced of he library depends on the acquisition department of the library.
Nwalo (2003) posits that book selection is necessary to meet users needs and maximize the use of scarce library acquisition fund. He cautioned that due to worldwide information explosion, libraries are compelled to select their most processing needs in order not to over spend the acquisition budget.
2.2 CRITERIA FOR SELECTION
The criteria that a library will use in selecting materials will depend on large part on the mission the library.
Castat (1974) suggests that special library committee comprising librarians and professional should carryout selection. The general or fundamental criteria for selecting materials in special librarian include.
- AUTHORS REPUTATION OR AUTHORITY
An author is a person chiefly responsible for the creation of the intellectual or artistic content of a work. The reputation of the author of a book should be ascertained before its selection. It is necessary to select a book whose author has a high degree of reputation. The author should be experienced vast and knowledgeable in that field. Also, the publisher should be of good reputation and could publish good book.
The reputation of the publisher is also important. In recent times especially as a result of the advent of desktop publishing, many people are now involved in publishing. It is very important to ascertain the reputation of the publishers before selecting their books because many of them are not qualified.
The ideas in a book must be objective. A good book is not subjective. It does not follow any social, religious and political inclination.
Materials should be relevant to the needs of those for whom it is being selected, there is also need for the materials to be relevant to the achievement of the broad objectives of the library.
UP TO DATENESS/CURRENCY
The book selected for the library should contain current information. The references, statistics and ideas in the book are checked to ensure that they are current.
Technical features like audibility and visibility, lighting, transition between scenes of the non-book materials are considered. The technical quality of films and non-book materials are considered.
FORMAT/SPECIFICATION OF THE SOFTWARE
The software should match with the equipment purchased for it. Appropriate diskettes must be selected for computers. Appropriate CD-Rom must be selected for the CD-Rom must be selected for the CD-Rom drive. There should be compatibility.
The features of the book could not be overlooked in this even books with appealing ecstatic design and strong binding should be preferred over their opposites, such important features as paper, typeface, illustrations indexes should be put into consideration during selection.
2.3 METHOD OF ACQUISITION OF MATERIALS IN SPECIAL LIBRARIES.
Materials in special libraries are acquired through the following methods.
GIFTS: Gifts are one of the major ways of building library collection. This involves the donation of books and non-books materials to a library. Gifts could also be in cash or donation of books. The cash is usually meant for the purchase of library materials. The library must ensure that the gift in form of donation is relevant to the needs users. The books that are not relevant may be discarded depending on what the gift policy of the library say in that regard.
PURCHASE: This is the method of acquisition by which the library pays cash to obtain needed information materials from publishers or vendors. It has been proved through surveys conducted over the years that acquisition by purchaser accounts for about 85% of overall annual acquisition.
EXCHANGE: This is an arrangement whereby a library improves its collection by bartering publications it lacks but needs. A visionary library management can rise exchange transaction to procure a wide range of useful addition to the library stock.
MEMBERSHIP OF ASSOCIATION: Library can also obtain important document through membership of international, academic and professional association. Member libraries are entitled to publication which can be free or at considerably reduced. Cost some associations and organizations are known to make available their publication to libraries on certain condition like:
Association of special libraries and information bureau (ASLIB)
International federation of library association and institution (IFLAI)
International African institute London.
Nigerian library association (NLA).
MATERIAL SELECTED IN SPECIAL LIBRARIES
Special libraries select specialized materials like research, reports, journals, newspapers, magazines, government documents, non-book materials like video, video CD, maps, atlas, microform materials, record tapes, textbooks, serials e.t.c.
A serial is defined as a publication issued in successive parts usually at regular intervals and as a rule, intended to be continued indefinitely. Serials includes, periodicals, annuals, reports, yearbook, transaction of societies e.t.c. Lyle, (2004). It should be noted that monographic series are also regarded as serials.
Serials are very important because most of them contain current undiluted information. Primary students or periodicals contain current research reports, students, teachers, researchers and other users therefore find them very useful.
Microform is a generic term covering microform, microfiche and micro-cards. Selection tools for microform materials includes:
- Guide to microform in print. It provides a cumulative listing of microform materials available in America.
- Subject guide to microform in print. This is a companion of guide to microform in print.
- The national register of microform in print.
- The national register microform masters, it gives a list of microform masters.
An atlas is a collection of maps usually bound together in one volume.
A map is defined as a representation usually flat, the earth’s surface or a part of it or of the celestial sphere or part of it about four types of maps can be distinguished.
Government documents are included in special libraries (Ministry of Education Owerri). They are information originating from a local, state, federal or international government body and may include reports, maps, statistics, congregational data, tax information and laws.
Is a printed publication (usually issued daily or weekly) consisting of folded unstapled sheets and containing news, feature articles, advertisement and correspondence.
Bijiles Zaanstad defines newspaper as a publication that is issued daily or weekly and includes local and international news.
Is a newspaper or magazine that deals with a particular subject or professional activity.
They are publications usually periodicals, publications that are printed or published electronically. They are generally published on a regular schedule and contain a variety of content.
2.4 ACQUISITION POLICY
Acquisition policy explains the dimension and unit of the collection of a special library.
Carnal (2001) stated that to formulate a policy, it is important for the librarian to have a clear understanding of the omission of the part body. He said that the policy must be realistic.
John (2003) also stated that a successful acquisition policy depends on three main components knowledge of selection, budgeting control in space.
Again, what more (2007) numerate that it is helpful and only fair to the library staff to sit out clearly the criteria to be applied in selection and feature for acquisition. He stated that the policy statement s a theoretical document which stress the intellectual reasoning used to select materials.
Bakare (2002) in his acquisition and processing of library materials, considered important as being the reason for acquisition policy and this include.
- To determine the best method of acquisition
- To offer some help in consorting by clear state of the type of material to purchase and indicate the support of the ruling body of the library
- To help in long run budget planning by stating priorities and out thinking growth and developing goal
- To assist in planning with other librarian such as cooperative programme as inter-library loans and network.
- To offer suggestions for what type of materials are to be needed, stored and discarded.
THE PROBLEM OF SELECTION OF MATERIALS IN SPECIAL LIBRARIES
The problem of selection of materials in special library is that the materials, required in special library are specialized materials that are not usually found in trade bibliographies which is why carter (2000) suggested that a library committee comprising librarians and professional should carryout selection.
2.4 PROBLEMS OF ACQUISITION OF LIBRARY MATERIALS IN SPECIAL LIBRARY
Wheeler and goldhost frowns at some factors which include obtaining foreign exchange to acquire materials abroad. He also pointed unavailability of comprehensive publishers/book seller directory inadequate bibliographic information in review articles which appears in national dailies, ineffectiveness of local bookshop to cope with order request book emanating from observes sources, difficult payment terms problems associated with gifts and exchange disturbed by inflation and reduced library budget as it affects acquisition of library materials.
Iwuji (1981) in his own contribution decreed Nigeria’s total dependence on importation of library materials. He wrote that “there is not only out in book budget to content within countries like Nigeria about 95% acquisition are imported mainly from Great Britain and United States of America.
Ehikhamenor found out these causes;
- Deterioration in quality and adequacy of various collections.
- Occurrence of gaps in the journal collection which would be very difficult and expensive to fill later. The existing collection sooner or later becomes obsolete and useless for research and teaching as the latest results and various fields would not be added to the stock.
SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW
The literature review looked at the concept of special libraries, types of special libraries, how there library materials are acquired, materials selected, users needs and services in the special library. It also looked at their criteria for selecting library materials the method of acquisition of materials in special libraries, through purchase, gifts/donations. Exchange etc. the materials selected in special libraries are as follows, serials, microform materials and the selection tools to microform materials includes subject guide to microform in print which provides a cumulative listing of microform materials available in America while subject guide is a companion of guide to microform in print. It also looked at government documents like newspapers, journals etc. acquisition policy and their reasons for the policy of acquiring materials. The problem of selection of materials in special libraries was also looked into problems of acquisition of library materials. In this study, vital information and knowledge have been passed on to people who wish to carryout a research work on the above topic. However, library survey is a continuing process and this work does not tend to be an exhaustive study on the above topic. The study will really serve as a great importance to the entire researcher carrying out a research similar to it.
It is important for any researcher to state the strategies and method through which data is related to the topic under study is collected. According to Bussha and Hater (1980:45) research method in library science could be said to be all techniques employed by the researcher or investigator to examine library and information science could be said to all technically employed by the researcher/investigator to examine “library and information phenomena” for proper understanding and credibility of the findings.
The chapter is based on the methods involved in the collection of data. The following are the sub-headings to be treated in this chapter research design, population of the study, sample size and sampling technique, instrument of data collection, validation of instrument, procedure for data collection and method of data analysis.
3.1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
The researcher used the survey method which permits one to describe systematically a situation or area of interest factually and accurately. This method is an acceptable method in the yield of social science that enables the researcher to access the meaning of the phenomena and transmit the event as they relate to the environment under study. It also brings the researcher closer to the environment.
3.2 AREA OF STUDY
The researcher took place in ministry of education Owerri, Imo State it was established in 1976 when the state was created in the former east Central States, Owerri was made the capital of Imo State other ministries were also created alongside with ministry of education. It is located at blosk 3 Imo State secretariat Port Harcourt Road, Owerri, Imo State.
The first government was Ndubuisi Kalu, a Navy Captian, while the first civilian governor was Mbakwe Samuel Onuka, the present government is Owelle Rochas Okorocha. Nine departments was created in the ministry of education by the governor, the ministry has PRSDC planning, research statistics department. The special library was established to satisfy the needs of the staff in the military degree 43. The ministry has level 1-9 junior librarian, level 7-12 senior librarian, level 13 and management cadre the library has a professional librarian and two libraries assistant. The library has complete set of computers.
3.3 POPULATION OF THE STUDY
The population of the study is made up of all the staff working in the ministry of education Owerri Imo State which is eighty-one (81) that consist of the professional librarian and library assistant. Questionnaire was distributed to (81) eight-one respondent which formed the population.
3.4 SAMPLE SIZE AND SAMPLING TECHNIQUE
The sample is made up of professional librarians and library assistants in ministry of education Owerri, Imo State. They are 81 library staff in ministry of education Owerri.
3.5 INSTRUMENT FOR DATA COLLCETION
The data collection instrument used was questionnaires. Questionnaire was used for eliciting relevant information gathered from the population of study. This consist of both close and open-ended which enabled the respondents to choose from the options which they considered best or appropriate for the question, while 1 question was closed-ended which enabled the respondents to provide answers to the question.
3.6 VALIDATION OF INSTRUMENT
The instrument described above were critically examined and validated by supervisor and also some corrections were made before it was deemed for the research work.
3.7 ADMINISTRATION OF THE INSTRUMENT
The instrument used is questionnaire; it was distributed and administered to some respondent to see how reliable it will be. The respondents filled the questionnaire while the researcher assisted them by collecting the questionnaire by hand. This shows that the instrument was reliable.
3.8 METHOD OF DATA ANALYSIS
The researcher adopted the use of simple frequency table and percentage in analyzing the data collected. The tables were arranged based on the research questions already formulated. Each table consist of the number of responses to the research questions and their corresponding percentage. A question is proved right or wrong depending on the number of yes or no response the question asked. The research question is correct with the percentage response where the case reverses, the question is proved wrong. The analytical technique adopted was the “percentage method”. The percentage of respondent was determined from the returned questionnaire in each case. For instance, where there are five and fifteen response to the yes and no respectively, the percentage was determined by dividing the yes and no response by the grand total and multiplying the outcome by one hundred.
4.1 DATA ANALYSIS AND RESULTS
This chapter deals with the result of tests which were conducted with the aid of questionnaire. The data collected through questionnaire were analyzed in tabular form and simple percentages was applied in measuring the rate of the response.
The researcher administered 81 questionnaires. However, 81 were returned from ministry of education Owerri. All the calculations were based on 100%. Table 1 below shows the return of questionnaire distributed.
ANSWERING RESEARCH QUESTIONS
Table 1: Does your library adopt selection and acquisition of library materials?
|OPTIONS||NO OF RESPONDENTS||PERCENTAGE %|
The research question shows that special library adopts selection and acquisition of library materials.
Table 2: The criteria for selection
|ITEM QUESTIONS||NO OF RESPONDENTS||PERCENTAGE %|
|Authority of the authors||11||13.5%|
According to research question 2, the Table shows that 5 respondents were of the view that 13.5% accepted the authority of the author, 61.7% for accuracy, 11.1% also accepted format as there criteria for selection in their library, 13.5% agreed that relevancy in their criteria for selection and cost is been adopted by 37.0% in their library.
Table 3: The method of acquisition
|ITEM QUESTIONS||NO OF RESPONDENTS||PERCENTAGE %|
|Gift and donation||15||18.5%|
According to research questions 3, the table shows that 49.3% respondents accepted purchase, 18.5% accepted gift and donations, 7.4% agreed to legal deposit, 6.1% accepted exchange, while 18.5% agreed to photocopying as a method of acquisition in their library.
Table 4: The personnel involved in selection of library materials
|ITEM QUESTIONS||NO OF RESPONDENTS||PERCENTAGE %|
|Heads of department||20||24.6%|
According to research questions 4, the table showed that 37.0% of the respondents accepted professional librarian, 16.0% agreed to assistant librarian, 24.6% accepted heads of the departments, 22.2% agreed to non-professional librarian as the personnel involved in selection of library materials in their library.
Table 5: The factors that hinder selection and acquisition of library materials
|ITEM QUESTIONS||NO OF RESPONDENTS||PERCENTAGE %|
|Problem of foreign exchange||16||19.7%|
|Delay in ordering||15||18.5%|
Research question 5, the table showed that 61.7% respondents agreed to inadequate fund, 19.7% accepted problem of foreign exchange, while 18.5% agreed to delay in ordering as a factor that hinders selection and acquisition of library materials in their library.
Table 6: The preventive measures in selection and acquisition of library materials
|ITEM QUESTIONS||NO OF RESPONDENTS||PERCENTAGE %|
|Binding of library materials||10||12.3%|
|Photocopying of library materials||15||18.5%|
According to research question 6, the table showed that 18.5% agreed to inter-library cooperation, 13.5% accepted bibliographic control, 37.0% agreed to adequate fund, 12.3% accepted binding of library materials, while 18.5% agreed to photocopying of library materials as a preventive measure in selection and acquisition.
4.2 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS
- Research questions 1 summarizes, that special libraries adopts selection and acquisition of library materials.
- Research question 2 summarized that special library adopts various criterion for selection in their libraries which includes, authority of the author, accuracy, format, relevancy and cost, but the library rely partly on cost as their major criteria for selection.
- The special library carries out various method of acquisition which includes, purchase, gift and donations, legal deposit, exchange and photocopying. But among all the methods the library rely partly on purchase as a major method being carried out by their library.
- Different personnel are involved in selection of library materials in special library, which includes, Professional Librarian, Assistant Librarian, Head of department and Non-professional Librarian. But the major personnel who are mainly involved in selection of library materials in special libraries is the professional librarian.
- The factors that hinder selection and acquisition of library materials in special library are as follows, inadequate fund, problem of foreign exchange and delay in ordering. But the major challenge here is inadequate fund library won’t be able to acquire their library materials.
- The special library should carry out different preventive measures in order to select and acquire their library materials which is as follows. Inter-library cooperation, bibliographic control, adequate fund, binding of library materials and photocopying of materials. But the special library adopts adequate fund as their major preventive measure, because with the help of finance the library can now purchase their library materials, therefore making information materials available to their users and satisfying their information needs.
INTERPRETATION AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS
5.1 INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS
It is obvious that the selection and acquisition of library materials in special libraries has become quit necessary for any organization that has a purposely built library.
In the course of this study, the researcher found out that only the professional librarian is involved in selection of library. The researcher also found out that cost is the major criteria for selection. Their main method of acquisition is purchase, the special library mostly acquire their library materials through buying them. The major challenge of the special library is the problem of funding, because without this library won’t be able to purchase their library materials, as this may be of great importance to the library at large.
The special library should take preventive measures on adequate fund in order to enable them carry out all their library activities most especially in the problem of selection and acquisition of library materials.
5.2 EDUCATIONAL IMPLICATIONS OF THE STUDY
Based on the research study of the problems of selection and acquisition of library materials in special library from the findings, it could be observed that purchase and gift/donation, photocopying are the major sources of acquiring information resources in the library. The implication is that the library will not be able to stack and make available enough library materials in various format as purchase requires enough fund while gift/donation is not always a steady means of acquisition. Therefore, the library will not be able to acquire relevant information materials needed by the clientele to satisfy their information needs hence leading to satisfy their dissatisfaction by users. The findings showed that cost accuracy and format are the major criteria for selection, this implies that the users will find it difficult accessing the available information resources in the library which they need, the implication is that library materials should be properly considered the right book for selection, before selecting them, in order to satisfy the information needs of the targeted audience. The major factor is cost in selecting book, the librarian should consider the cost because no library will waste money on material that will take a good portion of the library’s budget. Therefore the library should buy hardcover books but owing to high cost, paper cover can be bought and bound for durability. Results of the findings also indicated that there are factors mutilating against selection and acquisition of library materials in your library. Inadequate fund, problem of foreign exchange, delay in ordering etc. impedes the efficient and effective acquisition of information material will be made available to the clientele. The implication is that information materials will not be made available as this may hinder the selection and acquisition by the institution. The educational implication of the above findings is that the clientele will not easily get access to relevant library materials that will enhance user satisfaction and also adequate library materials, to ease of access to the available ones in order to help satisfy their information needs. From the findings most times, the reverse becomes the case. On the other hand, the institution (library) won’t be able to provide adequate library materials for their clientele due to some militating factors. This in turn will affect the users and researchers in order to meet their adequate information needs.
5.3 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
The researcher encountered some financial problems as the researcher was a student and had no money to facilitate the research. The researcher also encountered some problems in getting the respondents to answer the questionnaire.
Inspite of the observation made in this research work, a number of issues remain outstanding. The issues includes inadequate fund, inter-library cooperation etc.
Adequate fund should be made available in order to take care of selection and acquisition of library materials in special libraries especially ministry of education Owerri. This has to be carried out without delay.
Secondly, inter-library cooperation, special libraries should engage in inter-library cooperation through borrowing of library materials that posses what it has in stock. The library can also get the original document or make photocopy of it. It can also provide referral services to patrons by giving them introductory letter to acquire information services from other library, this will help solve the problem of selection and acquisition in special library.
5.5 SUGGESTION FOR FURTHER STUDIES
The researcher suggested that further research be carried out in the following areas
- Challenges of collection development in special libraries.
- How to ensure quality collection development in special libraries.
5.6 SUMMARY OF THE ENTIRE STUDY
This study on the problems of selection and acquisition of library materials in special libraries: a case study of the ministry of education Owerri. The research system used for the study was the survey method, the method adopted was used in describing accurately and comprehensively data collected in the course of the study. The population used by the researcher comprises the total number of people or personnel working in the ministry of education Owerri, which consist of professional librarians and the library assistant, totaled (81) eighty one, as the total number of questionnaire distributed was 81 respondents, which formed the total population. The method of data collection used was questionnaire, the questionnaire was used for eliciting relevant information gathered from the population of the study, which consist of both close and open ended question. The major findings in the work shows that:-
- The researcher found out that only the professional librarians are the major personnel involved in selection of library materials.
- The findings also showed that cost is the major criteria for selection, in selecting a book the librarian should consider the cost, because no librarian will waste money on materials that will take a good portion of the library’s budget.
- The researcher also found out that, their main method of acquisition is purchase, because special library mostly acquire their library materials through buying them.
- The findings showed that the major challenge of the special library is the problem of funding, because without money the library won’t be able to purchase their library materials, as this will be of great importance to the library at large.
- Finally the special library should take preventive measures on adequate fund in order to enable the smooth running of the library activities, most especially in the problem of selection and acquisition of library materials.
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